Friday, June 8, 2012

Use your PC like an Oscilloscope

As an electronics enthusiast or a hobbyist, you probably yearn for an oscilloscope to check out those elusive waveforms in your amplifier or radio. However, the cost deters you. A reasonably good oscilloscope will set you back by several hundred dollars, unless you buy a pre-owned piece or get one at the flea market.


However, there is hope yet. As you probably own a PC, all the hardware needed to display waveforms is already available to you. What you now require is software that will enable your PC to work as an oscilloscope; you can purchase this from Zelscope.

If you own a PC with a fast processor, about 1GB RAM, about 1MB of free Hard disk space, and at least one 32-bit sound card, you are set up for converting your PC into an oscilloscope. You can even use your PC as a Spectrum Analyzer. 

Some additional front-end hardware will be required to attach the oscilloscope probes and feed the test signal into the PC. You can build your own following the instructions on the Zelscope site, or buy the front-end ready-made. Ordinary RG-58 coaxial cables can be used to make up the probes. The probe end of the coaxial cable can have crocodile clips, while the end of the coaxial cable that connects to the front-end electronics could be terminated by a BNC.

There is a lot you can do with such a simple arrangement. You get up to two traces with a bandwidth of 10Hz to 20KHz, a sampling rate of 11KHz to 44KHz and an 8- to 16-bit acquisition (it all depends on your sound card). The time base is from 5Sec to 10uSec with adjustable triggers, two independent cursors, direct frequency readout and time and voltage difference readouts.


The Zelscope-and-PC combination as a low-cost oscilloscope can help adjust audio circuits, take measurements in physics experiments, tune musical instruments, troubleshoot digital circuits, and do many other things. One limitation is that you cannot sense or display DC waveforms, since the sound card of the PC is capacitively coupled.

The spectrum analyzer mode can display amplitude and/or phase.


Apart from the display of waveforms, you can save screenshots, copy-paste functions for data files, save visible traces as text files and make printouts. Your PC can now be used as a data logger as well.

What if you are not satisfied with just an oscilloscope or spectrum analyzer in your arsenal? Maybe you like to add a waveform generator and a ZRLC meter as well - for which you will need the Visual Analyzer. For those who are looking for something more professional, and willing to spend, Pico has a plethora of similar gadgets.

18 comments:

  1. good day sir! can you design a circuit to reverse the flow of household current meter? thanks

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Good day! I'll think about it, presently I don't have any ideas.

      Delete
  2. good day sir how about the energy saving device that sell in the market do you have a diagram? thanks again for your reply. by the way i'm EIGN from philippines

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Giid day Eign,

      Energy saving concept (significant saving) doesn't exist and can never work according to me.....

      Regards

      Delete
  3. good day sir you mean that the energy saving device that show on the market also in you tube that plug-in to your convenience outlet and its says that you can reduce the amount of current that is flow in the entire house to be reduced is not true?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Good day!

      the effects might be very marginal, not more than 5%.....with a little common sense we can save up to 25% of electricity.

      Delete
    2. Those are illegal devices and a criminal act if somebody installed them. Those are not power saving devices but are meter manipulators.

      Never try those, you may get prosecuted by law....

      Delete
    3. Dear Swagatam,

      I am first time taking part in your valuable blog. I have an Analog Oscilloscope of 60 MHz. It is time consuming to calculate the frequency. Is there any way (like Circuit) I get frequency in digital. Kindly help me in this regard. Thanks

      Mubashir
      Karachi, Pakistan

      Delete
    4. Dear Mubashir,

      Digital circuit will be complicated to make, you may try an analogue design as shown here, it's very accurate:

      http://homemadecircuitsandschematics.blogspot.in/2011/12/how-to-build-inexpensive-frequency.html

      Delete
  4. hi, how c i test inverter welder output waves? They are high frequency right? Thx.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Hi Swagatam

    Being a hobbyist, I feel the need of having an oscilloscope. Since long time I have been reading comments of various people. Most of the experienced fellows prefer to have a used analog scope as compared to brand new USB scopes. I have a budget of less than 100$, what do you suggest?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Abu-Hafss,

      check out this link:

      http://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/707374957/10MHz_ANALOG_OSCILLOSCOPE.html

      There's another cool way where you can transform your PC into an oscilloscope for checking waveforms. check this out:

      http://www.ledametrix.com/oscope/

      Delete
    2. In my place I can get a used 25MHz, 2-Channel Analog scope for $50-70 depending upon the condition.

      I had checked the poor man's oscilloscope long time ago. It can be used where the voltage is 2V or below. So I think it is useless for me.

      My actual question was your suggestion between a used analog scope and a USB scope which can measure frequency.

      Delete
    3. A USB scope can be more advanced than an analogue type.

      In the poor mans method the 2V can be easily scaled down and it provides an excellent option to check waveform cheaply yet accurately...

      Delete
    4. Is it possible to view a wave with a magnitude of 30V in poor man's scope?

      Delete
    5. yes by using a voltage divider stage.....it would be like hearing music at a lower volume

      Delete
  6. Hi Swagatam

    I am planning to buy a used analog oscilloscope.
    Can you guide me what to check/how to check if the unit is fully working and it is trouble free.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Abu-Hafss,

      Although my last use of oscilloscope was way back in 2001, after that I got busy with my manufacturing job, i'll try to recollect my memories and assist you as far as possible.

      Delete

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